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How to Become a Full Stack Developer – Guide 2021

Just imagine a day without the Internet, social media or even electricity and you will certainly get goose-bumps as it is impossible to imagine for us. As we are used to these things and they have up to a huge extent become a necessity instead of just leisure.

The question that pops up in our mind is that how you will be thinking as to how the aforementioned concept applies here and the simple answer would be that these things are the outcome of several technologies and methods and one of the most important among them is Full Stack Web Development. Let’s get to know about this kind of development in detail.

What is Full Stack Development?

Full stack developer is the one who work in coordination with both the front and back end of any kind of website or application. As far as the full stack developers are concerned, they’re familiar with HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and one or more back-end languages.

The term “full stack” actually means that they’ve got all the web development skills for building any site and apps from start to end.

At the very start, during the beginning of your career, you would dream about how to become a developer that maybe owing to the immense affinity towards coding.

Being a full stack developer is nothing but a course that comprises of every book that you would know that relates to information technology and make the most for the web development process.

5 Full Stack Developer Skills You Need to Master in 2021

1. HTML/CSS

In case if you are not familiar with the words HTML and CSS, you should know that HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language while CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets.

As far as HTML is concerned, it is used for adding web content, and CSS is a personalization tool in designing as well as styling a website. Both HTML and CSS completely determine the look and feel of a website, which finally plays a crucial role in attracting prospective customers.

A Full Stack Developers must work with HTML to completely define the structure of web pages through the usage of markup. They must also be capable in CSS for effectual presentation of the HTML elements.

It is also worth mentioning here that full Stack Developers must have broad knowledge in both of these programming languages for establishing an interactive, intuitive, as well as engaging front-end for applications.

2. Java Script

As far as web and software development is concerned, JavaScript is a obligatory Full Stack Developer skill. The important thing about this object-oriented scripting language is that it is mostly used for adding behaviors while making the most of HTML.

It is one of the most diversely used languages for writing both frontend and backend code for servers. In addition, JavaScript is the one and only programming language that can run natively both in the browser and on the server-side.

It is really important that Full Stack Developers must have a detailed knowledge of JavaScript as well as its concepts and certain features like React and Angular.

One of the most important things about JavaScript is that it comprises several useful features such as functions; prototypes, higher-order event delegation, and also closure that can easily help create highly responsive web pages.

Besides, it is also obligatory for Full Stack Developers to frequently upgrade their JavaScript as well as when new frameworks, libraries, and also tools are launched. Along with this, Full Stack Developers should also know as how to use DOM as well as JSON.

3. Back-end Languages

As we have covered the two most crucial frontend languages, HTML and CSS as well as JavaScript, the other most important part of an application or software is the backend.

While back-end development is a full-fledged different game, there are lots of programming languages to select from.

A Full Stack Developer must have a full grip over at least a few of these languages for back-end development.

1. PHP

One of the most vital choices for backend development is PHP as it is an open-source as well as cross-platform compatible language that can easily work seamlessly on certain platforms such as Unix, macOS, and Windows.

2. Python  

Owing to the fact that Python has English-like syntax, smooth learning curve, and above all, a huge assortment of libraries as well as frameworks is what makes Python renowned among developers and coders alike.

3. Ruby

Ruby is a vigorous programming language as an active community of developers are under it, but it also show off of excellent documentation as well as dependencies while making it the perfect choice for backend development.

4. Java

Java is also an important multipurpose programming language that can easily be used for web, desktop and also mobile application development. In addition, Java has a broad range of frameworks that additionally simplify the process of backend development.

5. Git and GitHub

Regardless of the fact as to which level of development you are in, you would probably have heard of Git that is an open-source distributed version control system ideally suitable for handling all your development needs.

It offers speed as well as efficiency for both small as well as large-scale projects. With Git, developers can flawlessly take care of all the modifications made to applications, documents, codes, websites and other information linked with software/application development. Professional developers must also have a GitHub profile that is extremely essential if working in a team.

As far as Full Stack Developers are concerned, Git successfully allows them to easily track each and every minor modification that is done to the application codebases.

They must also be fully aware of all the basic Git commands as well as examples. Using Git allow Full Stack Developers to discover exclusive opportunities for security, productivity, and also management.

A full knowledge of Git will allow Full Stack Developers to ideally collaborate as well as cooperate with their colleagues working on the same project.  

6. Web architecture

It is an admitted fact that Full Stack Developers are the true wizards of software development as they are fully equipped with various skills prevalent to both frontend as well as backend development.

Full Stack Developers must know the basics of web architecture. Due to the reason that their primary responsibility is to ideally develop complex software applications from beginning, they must also know how to ideally structure the code, classify the files, structure the data in databases, and also perform the essential computational tasks.

Full Stack Developer Job Description

Being a Full Stack Developer, you will have to produce scalable software solutions. You will be part of a cross-functional team that will be fully responsible for the software development life cycle, from initial start to deployment.

Besides, you should work in front-end as well as back-end coding languages as well as development frameworks and also third-party libraries. You must also be a team player with a talent for visual design as well as utility.

Full Stack Developer Job Responsibilities

  • A full stack developer needs to work with development teams and also product managers for ideating software solutions
  • Should be able to successfully design client-side and server-side architecture
  • Must build the front-end of applications with an appealing visual design
  • Should develop and manage well-functioning databases as well as applications
  • Must troubleshoot, debug as well as upgrade software
  • Should be able to create security as well as data protection settings
  • Should be able to build features as well as applications with a mobile responsive design
  • Must write technical documentation
  • Must have to write effective APIs
  • Should test software to check responsiveness as well as efficiency
  • Should be able to work with data scientists and analysts to enhance software

Full Stack Developer Job Requirements

  • Must have proven experience as a Full Stack Developer or in any kind of similar role
  • Must have experience in developing desktop and mobile applications
  • Must be familiarity with common stacks
  • Should have a detailed knowledge of various front-end languages and libraries such as HTML/ CSS, JavaScript, XML, jQuery
  • Should have knowledge of various back-end languages (e.g. C#, Java, Python) and JavaScript frameworks (e.g. Angular, React, Node.js)
  • Must be well familiar with databases (e.g. MySQL, MongoDB), web servers (e.g. Apache) and UI/UX design
  • Must possess excellent communication and teamwork skills

Full Stack Developer Salary

According to Indeed.com, the average salary for a full stack developer in the United States is $108,045 per annum. In addition, he is also entitled to $4,100 cash bonus each year. As per the salary estimates by Glassdoor.com, the national average salary for a Full Stack Developer is $98,256 in United States although the figure may vary as per location.


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